Sustainability transformations imply fundamental changes in the societal use of biophysical resources. Current socioeconomic metabolism research traces flows of energy, materials or substances to capture resource use, but socio-metabolic research has not yet incorporated material stocks or related services. Material stocks are long-lasting biophysical structures, such as buildings, infrastructures or machinery, which are allocated in our landscape. This ERC Advanced Grant project addresses this gap. It creates a comprehensive material stocks and services database as well as maps of material stocks from remote-sensing data.
The Earth Observation Lab at HU Berlin contributes to quantifying material stocks from Earth Observation data and from globally available GIS databases. We create wall-to-wall maps at high spatial resolution with a focus on anthropogenic surfaces, i.e. built-up fractional cover, building height, building type, and eventually material stocks. We target numerous national-scale cases, ranging from small (e.g. Austria) to large countries (e.g. USA).
More information on the entire project can be found here. See also Franz Schug’s PhD project Mapping material stocks and population distribution and dynamics from dense time series of multi-sensor remote sensing data.